Four things support the world: the learning of the wise, the justice of the great, the prayers of the good, and the valor of the brave
HOLY PROPHET MUHAMMED
Al-Ghazali was a Persian philosopher who was one of the most prominent and influential Muslim philosophers, theologians, jurists and mystics
The believed date of al-Ghazali's birth, as given by Ibn al-Jawzi, is AH 450 (1058/9). Modern estimates place it at AH 448 (1056/7), on the basis of certain statements in al-Ghazali's correspondence and autobiography. He was a Muslim scholar, law specialist, rationalist, and spiritualist of Persian descent. He was born in Tabaran, a town in the district of Tus, Khorasan (now part of Iran), not long after Seljuk captured Baghdad from the Shia Buyid and established Sunni Caliphate under a commission from the Abbasid Dynasty in 1055 AD
Al-Ghazali contributed significantly to the development of a systematic view of Sufism and its integration and acceptance in mainstream Islam. As a scholar of Sunni Islam, he belonged to the Shafi'i school of Islamic jurisprudence and to the Asharite school of theology.READ MORE
CLASSIFICATION OF KNOWLEDGE IN ISLAM A Study in Islamic Philosophies of Science Dr. Osman Bakar The classification of knowledge is a recurring theme in Islamic scholarship. Successive generations of Muslim scholars, from al-Kindi in the ninth century to Shah Waliallah of Delhi in the eighteenth century, have devoted considerable efforts to the exposition of this theme.
The lives and the ideas of the three thinkers discussed in Classification of Knowledge in Islam—Al-Farabi, Al-Ghazzali and Qutb al-Din al-Shirazi— cover the pivotal period of Islamic history from the first flourishing of the philosophical sciences to the sacking of Baghdad. Each of these three thinkers was either a founder or an eminent representative of a major intellectual school in Islam.